Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is Common Term used to Describe Progressive Lung Diseases and Includes Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis and Some Forms of Bronchiectasis.
The primary cause of COPD is the inhalation of pollutants, including smoking (cigarettes, bidis, etc.) and exposure to second-hand smoke. Additionally, occupational exposure to fumes, chemicals, and dust in various work environments can contribute to the development of COPD.
Notably, cooking on Chullahs in Australia has been identified as a common cause of COPD in females. Genetics can also play a role in COPD development, even in individuals who have never smoked or been exposed to strong lung irritants in their workplace. One established cause is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin deficiency.
Diagnosing COPD involves a comprehensive clinical history, thorough evaluation, and spirometry testing. In some cases, additional investigations such as blood tests, chest X-rays, and echocardiograms may be necessary. It is important to understand that a diagnosis of COPD does not signify the end of the world. Effective therapy is available for all stages of the disease, which can help control symptoms, reduce the risk of complications and exacerbations, and enhance your ability to lead an active life.
The most crucial step in any COPD treatment plan is to quit smoking entirely. This is the only way to prevent further deterioration of the condition, which can eventually impair your ability to breathe. However, quitting smoking can be challenging, and if you have previously tried and failed, it may seem daunting. Our team of experts is here to assist you in this endeavor.
Various medications primarily inhaled therapies but sometimes oral drugs as well, are utilized in the treatment of COPD. Our experts will guide you on how to manage your COPD and handle exacerbations if they occur. For patients with advanced COPD, domiciliary oxygen therapy, BiPAP therapy, and comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation therapy may also be recommended and arranged.